Campus Placements drives are conducted in higher education institutes to provide job opportunities to the students who are pursuing professional courses such as B.E./B.Tech/BBA/MCA/MBA/PGDBM/PGDM/M.Tech etc. Campus Placements offer students a great opportunity to get placed during the course and provide the comforts of a safe and secure future. Therefore, it is very critical for a student to prepare adequately for the campus placement tests to make sure that they get what they wished while deciding to join a particular course.
There are two types of Campus Placement Drives:
On-Campus Placement Drives:
In On-Campus placement drives, companies visit colleges to select final year students and selection depends upon a student’s ability to work-hard, his technical capabilities and his focus.
Off-Campus / Pooled Campus Placement Drives:
The Pooled Campus placement drives (also known as “Job Fairs”) are conducted at a common place that may be a particular institute or a public place where students from several colleges take part in the various stages of the campus placement drive.
The Placement Process
The objective of placement process is to identify the individuals suitable to the needs of the company. The general criteria adopted by a majority of the companies for selecting candidates is as follows:
Information/Declaration by the company about requirement.
Online Aptitude Test.
Writing ability (Optional).
Post – Placement Talk.
Personality or Psychometric test (Optional).
Declaration by the Company
For on campus drive, the HR department of a company declares the requirement for various positions by sending details such as Job description, Salary, Incentives, Location etc. to the Institute’s placement department which in turn puts it on the institute’s notice board and invites applications from the interested candidates. This data is sent to the HR department of the company which shortlists the candidate for the further process. The same process is followed in case of off campus drive (pooled campus) conducted at an institute.
For off campus drive at a place other than some institute, the company advertises the various positions through its website, new papers, job portals and other means. The interested candidates can apply for the positions by sending their application with required documents to the company. Rest of the process remains the same.
The process always starts with a session known as ‘Pre placement talk’ given by the company officials (Generally the HR Manager) in the form of a presentation which includes company profile, selection procedure, organizational achievements, company’s vision and mission. It also provides information about the growth of the candidate within the company and other benefits, if selected. At the end of the session, The candidates can ask questions if they have any doubts in this regard.
Online/Offline Aptitude Test:
Most of the companies conduct an online/offline aptitude test which is generally based on questions belonging to various areas such as Quantitative Aptitude, English Language & Reasoning Ability. Some companies also include a few technical questions in the test to evaluate the candidates’ suitability for the position he/she has applied for. Some companies also test the writing ability of the candidate by asking him/her to write a page or two about himself/herself. After written test, the companies shortlist the candidates for Interview round.
The company conducts GD for the shortlisted candidates as another elimination round. In this part, a general topic (in the form of a Case study, Abstract topic or a Current news etc.) is given to the candidates (a group of 6 to 8) for a formal discussion. This round is used to evaluate the communication skills, listening ability, etiquette, leadership qualities, convincing power, and the knowledge of a candidate.
After the elimination round of Online test / GD, a technical interview is conducted by the company. In this round, the technical skills of the selected candidate are evaluated. It can be either an individual round or a combined with the HR interview.
HR Interview/ Formal Interview:
Formal interview is considered as the final round of the selection procedure. The interview reflects the overall personality of the candidate. It includes the internship, work experience, industrial visit to the brands in a specific sector which increase the chances of selection. Basically, it evaluates the attitude and confidence level of the candidate.
Post –Placement Talk:
After the selection of the candidate, the offer letter will be given. The company executive tells about the guidelines related to joining process and about the company’s policies.
Personality or Psychometric test
A few companies prefer to conduct a psychometric tests for the candidates shortlisted after the above process before giving them final offer letter.
Some companies also conduct a personal interview of the candidate with the functional head (Regional Manager or similar higher company official) before giving final offer letter to the candidate.
Medical Test: There are jobs which require a candidate to be medically it. In such cases the companies may ask candidates to go through medical checkup before giving them final offer letter.
Some companies conduct telephonic interviews or Skype interviews to shortlist the candidates.